This project is still under development and this is the initial phase where we are exploring the effective methods to use photogrammetry data and VR tech to Create the Digital Heritage of Representative Architectural Marvels from North-East India.
Guided by Prof. Shivaji, IIT Hyderabad, Design Department.
My role was to find the alternative/low-cost method of photogrammetry and to create a Digital Archive in VR
How might we preserve the Heritage of Representative Architectural Marvel from North-East India through existing advanced documentation techniques
such as photogrammetry and 3D laser scan in order to document architectural data.
Less time and more sites to scan
Tight budget for hardware and software
India has one of the largest geopolitical expanses and one of
the greatest volume and diversity in heritage. This vast heritage repository of India is recognized globally as a significant part of its unique cultural identity.
India’s cultural heritage and, in particular, its archaeological and built heritages are unparallel marvels in the world.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
ASI Protected Monuments
Heritage includes centrally protected monuments, state-protected monuments, heritage buildings under various religious trusts, historic cities, and archaeological sites.
State Archeology Protected Monuments
Mostly divided into two parts: Capturing the site data with cameras and Processing the cloud point data
Reality Capture for Image Processing and creating cloud point data and Cinema 4D to clean Mesh.
High-resolution DSLR with GPS and PC with faster CPU, GPU, high capacity of RAM (16 GB ), and humungous disk space
The initial objective of the project was to establish a low-cost photogrammetry method and create a digital archive that can be accessed in VR
After finalizing the pipeline of creating digital assets we progressed to create UX for VR app that a user would use to access this digital scan and architectural data
Guideline for capturing an image
Setting for Image processing
Hardware requirement list
Software comparison for project
Interested in trying photogrammetry?Download this guideline I made
Exists in myriad forms, shapes, and experiences across various states
No proper documentation on historical and architectural data
India’s Heritage is underfinanced hence low maintenance
Improper digital database for the heritage that can be accessed via online
Ideally, physical preservation is the only way to restore the heritage but due to lack of traditional knowledge on building materials, techniques, high requirement of manpower, and the delayed low fund have left very little time to preserve our heritage.
So as a designer what we can do is save what has left.
Digital preservation was the next big research area for this
project. Our main aim was to create a digital database to preserve architectural data as it represents culture, geology, and history.
So anyone who wants to deep dive into architecture knowledge can access information anytime from anywhere.
Desk Research on digital capture methods
Cheaper & easy
Complex post process
Accurate ( up to 2 mm )
Faster in scanning
Heavy to carry
David Laser Scanning
Small to medium object
DIY LASER scanner
Not for big objects
Scans complex geometry
Not for big objects
Good looking 3D model
Real time building
iPad and Intel RealSense are other two device to create 3D - short-range
Total images: 57 | 1.5Hrs for taking photos | 3Hrs for processing
Software used: Autodesk ReCap Pro
This prototype was to apply all the image capture methods and test the output quality of the scan.
Quality was great but there was a limitation of 250 images.
After solidifying the capture method, software selection comes next. As our project aims to scan large monuments so we required software that can process thousands of images. So we picked another location with more environmental challenge
Total images: 476 | 4Hrs for taking photos | 2.4Hrs for processing
Software used: Pix4D Mapper & Reality Capture
This prototype was to compare the output from two recommended software from the industry. Both software produced the same quality of the scan. We preferred Reality capture because it took 60% less time than Pix4D.
This is 200 years old wooden Rath. We were amazed by the quality of the scan with only one normal camera and a PC
Total images: 15,785 | 1Week for taking photos | 10Hrs for processing
Software used: Reality Capture
Finally, we got what we wanted out of photogrammetry. You are looking at cloud points aerial data excluded ( captured with DJI drone )
Tie points/cloud points
Reality Capture was the fastest among the tested photogrammetry software. It was reliable and works better with Nvidia Graphics Cards.
Always look for errors shown on the right side otherwise your hours of work will be gone.
Personally, this project taught me how to understand new problems and sleepless debugging nights gave me multiple solutions that can be applied in an optimized way.
The journey and the final outcome of the project was truly a rewarding experience.
I conducted a workshop on photogrammetry for M.Des students at OCAD university during my exchange and successfully implemented it in the project with Canada Global Affairs.
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©2020 Rajat Kumar